Related websites:

Glacier Hazards in Chile Facebook page –
Glacier Hazards in Chile Twitter feed –
Glacier Hub –
World Glacier Monitoring Service (WGMS) –
International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) –
The GLIMS glacier database –
Glacier Hazards –
Glacier Hazards –
Glacier and Permafrost Hazards in Mountains (GAPHAZ) –
GLOF database –

Related publications:
Bastianon E., Dussaillant, A. and Bertoldi, W. (2012). Glacial-lake outburst flood effects on Colonia River morphology, Chilean Patagonia. In River Flow 2012 – Proceedings of the International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics, San José, Costa Rica. Taylor & Francis: London; 573–579.

Bolch, T., Buchroithner, M.F., Peters, J., Baessler, M. and Bajracharya, S. (2008). Identification of glacier motion and potentially dangerous glacial lakes in the Mt. Everest
region/Nepal using spaceborne imagery. Natural Hazard and Earth System Sciences 8,

Carey, M. (2005). Living and dying with glaciers: people’s historical vulnerability to avalanches and outburst floods in Peru. Global and Planetary Change 47, 122–124.

Dussaillant, A., Benito, G., Buytaert, W., Carling, P., Meier, C. and Espinoza, F. (2010). Repeated glacial-lake outburst floods in Patagonia: An increasing hazard? Natural Hazards 54 (2): 469-481.

Dussaillant, A., Buytaert, W., Meier, C. and Espinoza, F. (2012). Hydrological regime of remote catchments with extreme gradients under accelerated change: the Baker basin in Patagonia. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 57(8): 1530-1542.

Friesen, B.A., Nimick D.A., McGrath, D. J., Cole, C.J., Wilson, E.M., Fahey, M.J., Noble, S.M., Leidich, J. and O’Kuinghttons Villena, J.I. (2015). Documenting 35 Years of Land Cover Change—Lago Cachet Dos Drainage, Chile: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3332, scale 1:24,000, 1 sheet.

Gilbert, A., Vincent, C., Wagnon, P., Thibert, E. and Rabatel, A. (2012). The influence of snow cover thickness on the thermal regime of Tête Rousse Glacier (Mont Blanc range, 3200 m a.s.l.): consequences for outburst flood hazards and glacier response to climate change. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117. doi:10.1029/2011JF002258

Haeberli, W. (2013). Mountain permafrost — research frontiers and a special long-term challenge. Cold Regions Science and Technology, 96, 71–76.

Harrison, S., Glasser, N.F., Winchester, V., Haresign, E., Warren, C.R. and Jansson, K.N. (2006). A glacial lake outburst flood associated with recent mountain glacier retreat, Patagonian Andes. The Holocene, 16(4), 611-620.

Harrison, S., Winchester, V. and Glasser, N.F. (2007). The timing and nature of recession
of outlet glaciers of Hielo Patagónico Norte, Chile, from their Neoglacial IV (Little Ice Age)
maximum positions. Global and Planetary Change, 59, 67-78.

Holm, K., Bovis, M. and Jakob, M. (2004). The landslide response of alpine basins to post-Little Ice Age glacial thinning and retreat in southwestern British Columbia. Geomorphology, 57, 201–216.

Horizons – Horizons South America S.A.C. (2013). Informe Técnico del Proyecto, Consultoría Para El Levantamiento Fotogramétrico Detallado De La Sub Cuenca Del Río Quillcay Y La Ciudad De Huaraz Para El Proyecto, Implementación de Medidas de Adaptación al 58 Cambio Climático y Gestión de Riesgos en la Sub-cuenca Quillcay (IMACC-QUILLCAY) – BID-MINAM (PE-T 1168), Ministerio Del Ambiente A Travel Del Fonam – Administrador De Los Recursos Del BID, Lima, Peru.

Huggel, C., Burn, C., Clague, J.J., Hewitt, K., Kääb, A., Krautblatter, M., Kargel, J.S.,
Reynolds, J.M., and Sokratov, S. (2014). GAPHAZ: Improving knowledge management of glacier and permafrost hazards and risks in mountains. Geophysical Research Abstracts, 16, EGU2014-16568.

Iribarren Anacona, P., Norton, K.P. and Mackintosh, A. (2014). Moraine-dammed lake
failures in Patagonia and assessment of outburst susceptibility in the Baker Basin.
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences 14, 3243-3259.

Iribarren Anacona, P., Mackintosh, A. and Norton, K.P. (2015). Hazardous processes and events from glacier and permafrost areas: lessons from the Chilean and Argentinean
Andes. Earth Surf. Process. Landforms 40, 2–21.

Kargel, J.S., Dussaillant, A., Harrison, S., Reynolds, J.M., Romero, H. and 13 others
(2012). Glaciers in Patagonia: Controversy and Prospects. Eos, 93(22), 212.

Kargel, J.S., Leonard, G.J. Bishop, M.P. Kaab A.and Raup B. (Eds) (2014). Global Land
Ice Measurements from Space (Springer-Praxis), Heidelberg.

Loriaux, T. and Casassa, G. (2013). Evolution of glacial lakes from the Northern Patagonia
Icefield and terrestrial water storage in a sea-level rise context. Global and Planetary
Change 102, 33-40.

Malmros, J. K., Mernild, S. H., Wilson, R., Fensholt, R. and Yde, J. C. (in press). Glacier area changes in the central Chilean and Argentinean Andes 1955-2013/2014. Journal of Glaciology.

Marzeion, B., Cogley, J.G., Richter, K., and Parkes, D. (2014). Attribution of global glacier mass loss to anthropogenic and natural causes. Science, doi:10.1126/science.1254702.

Mernild S. H., Lipscomb, W. H., Bahr, D. B., Radić, V. and Zemp, M. (2013). Global glacier retreat: a revised assessment of committed mass losses and sampling uncertainties. The Cryosphere, 7, 1565-1577.

Morales Arnao, B. (1999) Glaciers of Perú, United States Geological Survey, Professional Paper 1386-I4.

Paul, F. and Mölg, N. (2014). Hasty retreat of glaciers in northern Patagonia from 1985 to 2011. Journal of Glaciology, 60 (224), 1033-1043.

Quincey, D.J., Lucas, R.M., Richardson, S.D., Glasser, N.F., Hambrey, M.J. and Reynolds, J.M. (2005). Optical remote sensing techniques in high-mountain environments: application to glacial hazards. Progress in Physical Geography 29, 475-505.

Quincey, D.J., Richardson, S.D., Luckman, A., Lucas, R.M., Reynolds, J.M., Hambrey, M.J. and Glasser, N.F. (2007). Early recognition of glacial lake hazards in the Himalaya using remote sensing datasets. Global and Planetary Change 56, 137-152.

Reynolds, J.M. (1992). The identification and mitigation of glacier-related hazards:
Examples from the Cordillera Blanca, Peru. In: McCall GJH, Laming DCJ and Scott S (eds) Geohazards. London, Chapman and Hall, p.143-157.

Reynolds, J.M. (1998a). Managing the risks of glacial flooding at hydro plants. Hydro
Review Worldwide 6, 18-22.

Reynolds, J.M. (1998b). High altitude glacial lake hazard assessment and mitigation: A
Himalayan perspective. In: Maund J and Eddleston M (eds) Geohazards in Engineering
Geology. Geological Society Engineering Group Special Publication No. 15, pp. 25-34.

Reynolds, J.M. (2000). On the formation of supraglacial lakes on debris-covered glaciers.
In: Nakawo, M, Raymond CF, and Fountain A (eds) Debris-covered glaciers, Proceedings of a workshop held at Seattle, Washington, U.S.A., September, Wallingford: IAHS Publication 264, 153-161.

Reynolds, J.M. (2006). The role of geophysics in glacial hazard assessment. First Break
24, 61-66.

Reynolds, J.M. (2014). Assessing glacial hazards for hydropower development in the Himalayas, Hindu Kush and Karakoram. The International Journal on Hydropower & Dams, 21(2):60-65.

Richardson, S.D. and Reynolds, J.M. (2000a). An overview of glacial hazards in the Himalayas. Quaternary International 65/66, 31-47.

Richardson, S.D. and Reynolds, J.M. (2000b). Degradation of ice-cored moraine dams: Implications for hazard development. In: Nakawo M, Raymond CF, and Fountain A (eds) Debris-covered glaciers, Proceedings of a workshop held at Seattle, Washington, U.S.A., September, Wallingford: IAHS Publication 264, 187-198.

Somos-Valenzuela, M. A., Chisolm, R. E., McKinner, D. C and Rivas, D. (2014). Inundation modelling of a potential glacial lake outburst flood in Haraz, Peru. CRWR Online Report 12-01.

Stoffel, M. amd Huggel, C. (2012). Effects of climate change on mass movements in mountain environments. Progress in Physical Geography, 36(3), 421-439.

Tweed, F. S. and Russell A. J. (1999) Controls on the formation and sudden drainage of glacier-impounded lakes: implications for jökulhlaup characteristics. Progress in Physical Geography 23, 79–110.

Walder, J. S. and Costa, J. E. (1996). Outburst floods from glacier-dammed lakes: the effect of mode of lake drainage on flood magnitude. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 21, 701–723.

Westoby, M.J., Glasser, N.F., Brasington, J., Hambrey, M.J., Quincey, D.J. and Reynolds, J.M. (2014). Modelling outburst floods from moraine-dammed glacial lakes. Earth Science Reviews 134, 137-159. doi: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2014.03.009.

Westoby, M.J., Brasington, J., Glasser, N.F., Hambrey, M.J., Reynolds, J.M., Hassan, M.A.A.M. and Lowe, A. (2015). Numerical modeling of glacial lake outburst floods using physically based dam-breach models. Earth Surface Dynamics. doi:10.5194/esurf-3-171-2015

Image sources:
1. Bing Maps,
2. Eric Simonsen,